Buying a diamond can be a difficult and sometimes mysterious process, but it doesn’t have to be burdensome if you understand just five things you need to know about diamond grading charts. The GIA, or Gemological Institute of America, grades diamonds on a scale according to four components, known as the “4 Cs”: cut, clarity, color, and carat. Here are five things you need to know in order to truly understand the science behind diamond grading charts.
1) Carat: The first of the five things you need to know about diamond grading charts is one that most of us are familiar with: carat. For those of you who aren’t overly familiar with the diamond grading chart, here’s how carat works: The bigger the carat weight, the larger the diamond. Of course, different quality diamonds of the same carat weight can vastly differ in price, and interestingly enough, the bigger the diamond, the more you’ll pay per carat for weight. So if you’re buying a one carat diamond, you’ll pay less for that one carat than you do per carat in, let’s say, a three carat diamond, simply because it’s difficult to find stones that large. You’re paying for the rarity of the stone, as well as the carat weight and quality.
2) Cut: Now that you’re well versed on carat, it’s important to remember that the old adage about bigger being better doesn’t always apply. The cut of the diamond can severely influence how much or how little it sparkles. You could be buying a big diamond, but if the cut is low quality, it won’t refract light properly, meaning it won’t sparkle.
3) Clarity: The third thing you need to know about diamond grading charts has to do with clarity, and this is crucial because clarity can be costly. Have you ever looked at a big diamond closely and noticed that it looks cloudy, rather than gorgeously clear? That’s because the clarity of the diamond is low, and it has flaws that interfere with the brilliance of the diamond. A flawless diamond, or one with flaws that aren’t visible to the naked eye, is expensive but worth paying for.
4) Color: Yellow diamonds are “in”, but unless you’re aiming for a yellow diamond, it’s not a good thing when your white diamond doesn’t look white. The diamond grading chart has a scale for diamonds; the more colorless, the better. Most of the variations between grades in this category are difficult to see with the naked eye, but you also don’t want your gorgeous, expensive diamond to have a yellow tinge.
5) Shape and Setting: The last thing you need to know about diamond grading charts is the shape and setting of a diamond. There are countless shape and setting combinations to choose from. Shape can often come down to personal preference; when choosing a setting, consider one that will flatter the shape of the diamond you prefer.
Find your perfect diamond today at Dara’s Diamonds, and enjoy the unparalleled benefit of buying gorgeous diamonds at affordable prices.